The government of India is supporting the State Government in the expansion of livelihood and employment opportunities in the rural areas through a multitude of interventions which included interventions in the farm and allied sectors, non-farm including small and cottage industries sector and service sector besides social sectors. The programs that directly address the creation of livelihood and employment under the Ministry of Rural Development includes DeendayalAntyodaya Yojana – National Rural Livelihood Mission (DAY-NRLM) and Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MG-NREGS).
DAY-NRLM recognizes that the poor have multiple livelihoods and its thrust is on enhancing and expanding the existing livelihoods of the poor. More than 70% of the rural poor are dependent on agriculture either as cultivators or as agriculture labor. Besides, livestock rearing is again a key livelihood of the poor. In forest fringe areas Non-Timber Forest Produce is a major livelihood of the poor, who mostly belong to tribal communities. The intervention strategy of NRLM for Farm based Livelihoods promotion is focused on strengthening these key farm livelihoods of the poor.
DAY-NRLM has taken up the following Farm Livelihood interventions:-
The MahilaKisanSashaktikaranPraiyojna is getting implemented with a total of 239820 Households trained on Agro-Ecological Practices (AEP) and Sustainable Livestock Practices (SLP).
Under Farm Livelihood Convergence with MNREGA:12, 522 Women Households covered; there are 4690 Compost Pits, 2982 Cattle Sheds, 2098 Poultry Sheds, 2063 Goatery Sheds, and 689 Nursery individual Households beneficiaries covered under the scheme. Further, 2, 23, 300 Households are under Identification and supported within this FY 2020-21.
Balinese Milk Producer Company Limited: Under the Bundelkhand Dairy Value Chain Development Project supported by NDS (National Dairy Development Board) around 11,000 Milk producers of Bundelkhand Region have been encompassed by Balinese Milk Producer Company Limited headquartered at Jhansi.
Agri – Nutrition Garden during FY 2019-20: 15898 households have adopted Agri-Nutrition Garden during FY 2019-20 as promoted by “PrernaPoshanVatika”-promising Nutritional Security to the individual households.
Community Managed Producer Groups (PGs): 1200 Community Managed Producer Groups (PGs) encompassing 22, 500 Households have been formed in 1200 Villages for promoting sustainable Livelihood generation at the Village Level.
Farm AajivikaSakhi/krishisakhiPashuSakhi (Community Cadre): 904 Farm AajivikaSakhi (Community Cadre) are active at Village Level as taken in FY 2019-20 and adding up to existing 5500 including Krishi Sakhi and 910 PashuSakhicader of Farm Livelihood Division.
Farmer Producer Companies (FPCs): Under MKSP Program, 3 FPCs have been developed in Gorakhpur, Hardoi, and Prayagraj Districts of Uttar Pradesh.
Livestock Training in Convergence with Department of Animal Husbandry, Govt of U.P: Under Livestock Training a total of 34336 PashuPalaks with Department of Animal Husbandry have been trained on Cattle Rearing, Poultry and Goatery and Vaccination Camps have been organized in villages.
Principle intervention in the non-farm sector under DAY-NRLM is that of the Startup Village Entrepreneurship Programme (SVEP). It is a sub-scheme under the DeendayalAntyodaya Yojana–National Rural Livelihoods Mission (DAY-NRLM) with an objective to help the rural poor women under the NRLM eco-system to set-up enterprises at the village level in non- farm sectors. SVEP is a demand-driven scheme and there is no specific allocation for any selected State/UTs. States/UTs submit supplementary Annual Action Plans (AAPs) for identified blocks for approval and implementation of the scheme.
SVEP proposals have been approved in 153 blocks across 23 States. The detailed project report (DPR) has been approved for 137 blocks and the total number of enterprises approved as per DPR is 2.14 Lakh.
As on 31st July 2020, a total of 101, 792 enterprises have been set up across 23 States. These enterprises are estimated to have generated employment for 2,10,709 persons with different categories like Face Mask Making, Sanitizer Making, Hand Wash manufacturing, Personal Protective Kits Making, School Uniform Stitching, etc. In 2020-21, the SVEP scheme intends to cover 30 additional blocks across theCountry.
Mahatma Gandhi NREGS provides for at least 100 days of guaranteed wage employment in a financial year to each household in rural areas including Uttar Pradesh whose adult members volunteer to do unskilled manual work. In addition to this, there is a provision for an additional 50 days of unskilled wage employment in a financial year in drought/natural calamity notified rural areas including Uttar Pradesh.
The details of employment generated at the National level and Uttar Pradesh State under the Mahatma Gandhi NREGA during the last year and current financial year 2020-21 as on 21.09.2020 are given below:
|Person days Generated at National Level so far [In crore]||207.09||265.32|
|Person days Generated in Uttar Pradesh [In crore]||23.57||24.45|
*As on 21.09.2020
This information was given in a written reply by the Union Minister of Rural Development& Panchayati Raj Shri Narendra Singh Tomar in Rajya Sabha today.