The Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR), State Agricultural Universities (SAUs) and private companies are already engaged in the development of hybrids and High Yielding Varieties (HYVs) seeds of different crops suitable for the varied agro-climatic conditions of the country for increasing yield of various crops. During last five years more than 100 hybrids (maize-44, pearl millet-13, sorghum-5, rice-3, sunflower-9, castor-7, sesame-2 and cotton 23) have been released under different All India Coordinated Research Projects (AICRPs) of respective crops by ICAR Institutes and State Agricultural Universities.

Govt. is promoting hybrids and also high yielding varieties of different crops by providing financial assistance to States and implementing agencies through various ongoing crop development programs/schemes viz.  National Food Security Mission (NFSM), Bringing Green Revolution in Eastern India (BGREI), Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana (RKVY), etc.

Financial assistance is being provided for the distribution of hybrid seeds of rice, maize, jowar, bajra, @ 50% cost or Rs. 10,000 per qtl. whichever is less. Similarly, financial assistance is also available for promoting the use of hybrids of oilseed crops @ 50% cost or Rs. 8,000 per qtl. whichever is less under above schemes

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